Systems and Asylum Procedures

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A/Prof Derya Ozkul, Senior Research Other, Refugee Research Centre, College or university of Oxford

Increasingly, solutions and methods are being used to streamline asylum procedures. These range from biometric matching applications that determine iris works and fingerprints to sites for refugees and asylum seekers to chatbots to help people signup protection situations. These tools are made to make this easier with respect to states and agencies to process asylum applications, especially several systems are currently slowed down as a result of COVID-19 outbreak and increasing levels of pressured displacement.

But they raise a number of human rights concerns. Examples include privacy issues, opaque decision-making, and the potential for biases or equipment errors which may lead to discriminatory outcomes. In addition, they pose significant conflicts to migrants and asylum seekers, who can be already disenfranchised and insecure.

Ozkul’s groundwork explores many ways in which fresh technologies may be used to verify identities and narratives of migrants, allowing them to accelerate their asylum application procedure. It also looks at the ways through which these technologies can create a particular informational space around migrant workers, and how that they configure their very own subjecthood. Next Foucault, your lover argues that such algorithms are both territorial and institutional. For example , iris scanning methods can be seen seeing that an institutional technology, as they require the migrant to enter a specific location in order to be recognised; while advice algorithms are commercial and global in their results, configuring themes as consumers.

As a result, they will enact a certain form of hegemonic power more than displaced persons. This is especially true provided the current competition to the bottom in asylum policy – with some countries offering incentives like the Nansen passport to aid cachette resettling and others imposing restrictive coverages that block all their access to terrain and push them straight into dangerous and deadly travels.